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Samdae Gwaneum-doryang
    (Three most famous temples where, reputedly, bodhisattva Avalokite vara resides)

ˇ°Gwaneum-doryangˇ±: Koreans call the temples, where reputedly bodhisattva Avalokite vara resides,
"Gwaneum-doryang"s. And interestingly all "Gwaneum-doryang"s are located near the coast
not only in Korea but also in other Buddhist countries.

Hongryeon-am at Naksan-sa, Yangyang

 

In any country, "Gwaneum-doryang" or the temples,
where bodhisattva Avalokite vararesides,
are near the coast. In Korea, whose three sides adjoin sea,
are there almost no exceptions in that
"Gwaneum-doryang" should be located near the coast.

Naksan-sa and Hongryeon-am was founded in 671 by the Ven. Euisang (625-702), who was the founder of
Korean Buddhist Wha-eum (Ch. Huayan, Jap. Kegon) Order.
According to Samgukyusa, a history book on
ancient Korea written in Goryeo dynasty,
when he returned to Silla from Tang, the Ven.
Euisang visited Naksan-sa, which is located at the seaside.
He heard that in a cave by the beach lives real
bodhisattva Avalokite vara.


Although he offered prayers performing purification for 7 days and got cint mani, a magic pearl
that bestows ommnipotence on a person who acquires it, from a dra
gon, the Ven. Euisang couldn't meet bodhisattva Avalokite vara. After he offered prayers for
more 7 days, he finally saw a red lotus spring up over the sea and boddhisattva
Avalokite vara show her body in it. And she said,
"You shall see a pair of bamboo spring up on the top of the seat, where you ought to build a temple."
So, the Ven. Euisang build Naksan-sa there and set a statue of Avalokite vara up
and enshrind a cristal rosary and the cit mani there.
Naksan-sa, which is famous for miracle efficacy in praying, has many Buddhist cultural assets.
The most famous one is "Weontong-bojeon", a main hall where a statue of bodhisattva
Avalokite vara is set up. Treasure No. 499 "Chilcheung Seok
tap", The Stone 7 Layered Pogoda, which is in front of "Weontongbojeon",
and Treasure No. 479 "Naksan-sa Dongjong", The Bronze Temple Bell at Naksan-sa also deserve your sight.
Hongryeon-am, located inside the precincts of Naksan-sa, is a hermitage build on
"Gwaneum-gul", the cave where the Ven. Euisang meet bodhisattva Avalokitesvara.
The building was designed from the beginning for one to be able to see the sea
below it through a hole over which a wooden floor is covering. It is said that the ho
le at the floor is made for the dragon, which offered the cint mani, to be able to hear sermons given in it.

Visiting Naksan-sa and Hongryeon-am, you can enjoy the beautiful scenery of "Donghae",
East Sea of Korea. Bubbles made by waves against rocks, fragrance of seawater,
and indescribable sunrising are side incomes you can get by visiting there.

Address: 55 Jeonjin-ri, Ganghyeon-myeon, Yangyang-gun, Gangweon-do, South Korea.
Tel: 82-33-672-2448 (Naksan-sa), 82-33-672-2478 (Hongryeon-am)


Bori-am at Mt. Geum, Namhae

Bori-am is one of three most famous temples where,
reputeldy, bodhisattva Avalokitesvara resides.
It was founded by the Ven.
Weonhyo in 683. He was attracted there by the
appearance of the mountain just like emitting light
and he eventually founded a temple there .
He named the temple "Bogwang-sa",
the Temple Lighting Universally where it is said,
according to Huayan Jing (Kr. Wha-eom Kyeong)
that boddhisattva Avalokitesvara resides.
Yiseonggye, the founder of Joseon dynasty,
had offered prayers at many temples famous for
their miraculous efficacy before he founded Joseon dynasty.

Having received no response to the prayers he offered at Mt. Gyeryong and Mt. Jiri,
he visited finally Mt. Bogwang and started 100 days prayers. During the prayers,
he gave an promise to the divine spirit of the mountain that he would wrap the
whole mountain with silk if he got results from his prayers. Being a king of Joseon dynasty,
one day he was reminded of the promise he had given to the divine spirit of the mountain.
But it was unable even to a king to cope with wrapping the whole mountain with silk.
However he finally found a clever scheme to name the mountain "Geum-san", in which "geum" means
silk and "san" means a mountain. In 1660, almost 1000 years after its foundation,
the temple met great restoration. Hyeonjong, the 18th king of Joseon dynasty,
designated this temple as the original temple of the royal family,
commemorating the responce to the prayers Yiseonggye offered to found Joseon dynasty.
At that time the name of this temple changed from "Bogwang-sa" to "Bori-am".
Bori-am owns many Buddhist cultural assets including "Bogwang-jeon", the main hall of Bori-am,
and the Statue of Bodhisattva Avalokite vara made of Chinese juniper.
The Stone Statue of Bodhisattva Avalokite vara set up at the edge a rock in front of "Bogwang-jeon" is
famous for its emitting light when it was moved there by a helicopter.

Address: 2065 Sangju-ri, Yidong-myeon, Namhae-gun, Gyeongsangnam-do, South Korea.
Tel: 82-51-862-6115, 6500


Bomun-sa at Mt. Nakka, Gangwha

Gangwha, where Bomun-sa is located at, is a historical place for Koreans.
Koreans has performed a service to the Heaven annually at "Cheomseong-dan" in Gangwha.
And it was the place where Koreans in Goryeo dynasty fought against


 

the Mongolian to the end, where they published
Korean Tripitaka praying the protection of buddhas and
bodhi sattvas from the invasion of the Kitan and the
Mongolian in turn, and where at the close of Joseon
dynasty Koreans fought against the ships sent by
Western empires.In short,
it is the place where joys and sorrows of Korean people are
soaked deeply.
As it is said that bodhisattvas are where people suffer,
Bomunsa, the holy place of bodhisattva Avalokitesvara, is
located at Gangwha.



Bomun-sa in Gangwha is famous not only for the miraculous efficacy of praying to bodhisattva Avalokitesvara
but also for that of praying to arhats, whose stage is the final goal of Hinayana Buddhism.
According to "Saji" or the Record of the Temp
le (Bumun-sa), it was founded by Seon (Ch. Chan, Jap. Zen) master Hoijeong in 635,
who had practiced at a cave named "Bodeok-gul", Mt. Geumgang. Having bui
lt this temple, he named it "Bomun-sa" and the mountain "Nakka",
the abbreviation of the name of Mt. "Potalaka", where, many Buddhists bilieved, bodhisattva Avalok itesvara resides.
It still has many buildings: "Daebeoptang" or the Main Hall, "Gwaneum-jeon"
the Hall for bodhisattva Avalokitesvara, "Jonggak" or the Belfry for the Temple Bell, and "Seoksil" or
the Main Hall Made of Stone in a Cave. "Seoksil", in which statues of arhats are enshrined,
is designated as Cultural Asset No. 57 by the government of Gyeonggi-do.


."Maae Gwaneum Bosal", the Statue of Bodhisattva
Avalokitesvara, inscribed on a rockwall,is located at the 1 km north of
Bomunsa. You may see real bodhisattva Avalokitesvara,
inscribed on a rockw all, is located Avalokitesvara through the
statuedyed red by the setting sun.
You can, I believe, feel from the scenery the warmness of
bodhisattva Avalokitesvara who is worry about all the sentientbeings
suffering in samsara just like your mother is worry about you.
"Nunsseop Bawui",a rock looks like an eyebrow and covers the
statue like a roof protects the statue from being exposed to the weather.
It is designated as Cultural Assets No. 29 by the government of Incheon.


Address:Seokmo-do, Maeeum-ri, Gangwha-gun, Incheon, South Korea.
Tel: 82-32-8271~3